Vitamins Deficiency Effects in our body
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Vitamins Deficiency

The Symptoms appear if there is deficiency of Vitamins :

  1. Weakness , fatigure , irritation , restlessness
  2. Loss of appetite
  3. Diseases of bones and teeth
  4. Insomnia and resistance against diseases is lowered.

Some Vitamins deficiency can be synthesised in our body. But some Vit. Can only be acquired through diet. There were some specific type of microbes in our intestines which form these vit. i.e. , Vits. B complex and Vit. K.

Besides this the niacin required by the body is itself produced in the intestines. But if some anti-biotic medicines are taken orally for a long time , these microbes perish. So the required synthesis in the intestines does not take place and the symptoms of their Vitamins  deficiency appear.

Sometimes vit. Are found in sufficient quantity in the food but these vits. Cannot be absorbed due to some intestinal disorders and their deficiency occurs if there is deficiency of these vits. In the diet of children , pregnant women and lactating mothers , it has very harmful effects.

Vitamin A

  1. Night Blindness
  2. Xerophthanlmia
  3. Keratomalacia
  4. Follicular Keratosis
  5. Respiratory tract and alimentary canal
  6. Skin problems

Vitamin D

  1. Rickets
  2. Osteoporosis
  3. Osteomalacia
  4. Tetany

Osteoporosis

Osteoprosis is a weakening of bones. Its is a condition to decrease in the density of bone. The components of the Osteoporosis mean “osteo” is for bones and “porosis” means porous helpfully describing this condition that results in reduced bone density and increased fragility of the bones.

The bone mass density decreases , increasing the risk of fractures. The disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent breaks in the bones. The spine , hips , ribs are common areas of bone fractures. Post menopausal decrease in the level leads to accelerated bone mass density loss. Poor dietary habits and lack of exercise along with heredity are some of the contributing factors.

Prevention :-

The following guidelines to prevent osteoporosis

  • Get enough exercise
  • Keep up your Vitamin K
  • Beat Obesity
  • Try oil massages
  • Soak up the sun for Vitamin D
  • Watch out calcium smugglers
  • Regular health check-ups

Cause

Bones are in a constant state  of renewal. The normal bone is made up of protein  and calcium. The new bone is made and old bone is broken down.

Vitamin E

It is preserves red blood cells. Only Vit. E can maintain healthy red cells. Vit. E is a natural antioxidant in the body , it protects the cells by preventing the formation of hydrogen peroxide.

In the absence of  Vit. E some of the essential fatty acids are permitted to combine with oxygen and form hydrogen peroxide which destroys the red cells.

Vitamin K

Prolonged use of antibiotics and deficient production by bacteria in the intestine leads to Vitamins deficiency. Malabsorption of fats is also one of factor affecting the absorption of Vit. K.

It leads to generalized bleeding with an increased tendency to hemorrhage. In new born infants particular premature infants where intestinal flora have not yet established themselves.

Vitamin C

  1. Defective Collagen formation
  2. Delay in wound healing
  3. Scurvy

Vitamin B1

  1. Beri-Beri
  2. Wet Beri-Beri
  3. Dry Beri-Beri

Niacin

  1. Pellagra
  2. Dermatitis
  3. Diarrhoea
  4. Dementia

Vitamin B12

Pernicious anemia

The first signs of anemia are usually a sore tongue and tingling or burning sensations in the hands or feet. Patients tend to be pale and white lipped. They develop a variety of abdominal difficulties , gas , constipation  , nausea , vomiting , pain and poor appetite.

B12 deficiency damages both blood and nerves. Bone marrow produces abnormally large red blood cells, called megalocytes .

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